The Heinkel He 162
The Heinkel He 162 was one of the last gasps of the German Luftwaffe
at the end of the Second World War. Designed to use minimal materials
and supposedly to be flown by novice pilots, the He 162 proved to be
a handful to fly and as such its impact was nearly non-existant. After
the war several examples found their way into allied hands, with the
British, French, American and Soviet forces all test-flying the type.
This resulted in many ending up in museums, preserving this early jet.
WNr 120230 (later 120222)
JG 1, Leck, 1945
White 23 was one of three He 162s that was transported to the United
States for evaluation. While it was being reassembled at Freeman Field
in Indiana the tail assembly from a second He 162, WNr 120222, was attached,
for reasons unknown. This aircraft is now on display at the National
Air & Space Museum. Of the other two He 162s that went to the US,
one is owned by Planes of Fame Museum in California and the other one
was scrapped after structural testing sometime in the late 1940s.
II./JG 1, Leck, May 8, 1945
One of the many He 162s found at Leck at the end of the war. This plane
shows a couple interesting features. First is the outline-style of swastika
on the fin. Most of the other He 162s had a solid swastika. Also interesting
is the fuselage cross, this one being a black cross with white outlines.
Most of the other aircraft had just a simple black outline of a cross.
The plane also features the II./JG 1 unit emblem on the nose.
Junkers Factory, Bernburg, 1945
This Heinkel He 162 was found outside the Junkers factory by Allied
forces. Obviously unfinished, this plane's only distinguishing marks
were the black numbers on the nose.
'Air Min 61'
One of a handful of British He 162s, this plane featured an odd white
nose. Careful inspection reveals spots where the German unit badge and
number were removed from the aircraft, while the swastika on the tail
appears to have been painted over. Note the different style of wingtip
Another British He 162, this one actually receiving a standard RAF
serial of VH513. The German markings have been painted out, but for
the most part it remains in the standard German camouflage.